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PVC Duct Pipe Dimensions
Size (in.) AVG. O.D. AVG.
O.D. TOL.
O of R
TOL.
MIN.
Wall
AVG.
Wall
MAX.
Wall
WT (lbs.)
Per Ft.
6" 6.625 ±.020 ±.050 .172 .187 .202 2.275
7" 7.375 ±.020 ±.050 .172 .187 .202 2.534
8" 8.625 ±.020 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 2.982
9" 9.375 ±.025 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 3.239
10" 10.750 ±.025 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 3.733
11" 11.375 ±.025 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 3.944
12" 12.750 ±.025 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 4.440
14" 14.000 ±.030 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 4.884
16" 16.000 ±.030 ±.075 .172 .187 .202 5.586
18" 18.000 ±.040 ±.080 .172 .187 .202 6.750
20" 20.000 ±.070 ±.0140 .199 .219 .239 8.144
24" 24.000 ±.090 ±.180 .230 .250 .270 11.163

O of R = Out of Roundness Factor at time of extrusion

PVC SUPERDUCT® PIPE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 
Standard specifications for Harrison rigid PVC duct, pipe, fittings and fabrication
 
PIPE/DUCT & FITTINGS: ASTM-D-1784, Cell Class 12454-B
 
PROPERTY ASTM Test Method VALUE UNITS
MECHANICAL      
Tensile Strength @ 73°F (23°C) D-638 7,450 psi
Modulus of elasticity in Tension @ 73°F D-638 420,000 psi
Flexural Modulus @ 73°F D-790 360,000 psi
Flexural Strength @ 73°F D-790 14,450 psi
Izod Impact Strength notched @ 73°F D-256 .75 ft.lb./in.
Compressive Strength D-695 9,600 psi
 
ELECTRICAL      
Dielectric Strength D-149 1,413 volts/mil
Dielectric Constant, 60Hz, 30°F D-150 3.70 Hz/°F
Volume Resistivity @ 95°C D-257 1.2 x 1012 ohm/cm
CPVC pipe is non-electrolytic      
 
THERMAL      
Coefficient of Linear Expansion D-696 2.9 x 10-5 in./in./°F
Heat Deflection Temperature Under Load (264 psi, annealed) D-648 170 °F
Specific Heat D-2766 .25 Cal./°C/gm(BTU/lb/°F)
Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity C-177 3.5 x 10-4 (Cal.)(cm)/(cm2)(Sec.)(°C)
    1.02 BTU/hr/sq.ft./°F/in.
    .147 Watt/m/°K
 
FIRE PERFORMANCE      
Softening Starts (approx.)   250 °F
Flame Spread ULC 0-25  
Smoke Generation ULC 80-225  
Flammability Rating UL-94 V-0  
Flame Spread Index   <10  
Flash Ignition Temp.   730 °F
Average Time of Burning D-635 <5 (sec.)
Average Extent of Burning   <10 (mm)
Burning Rate   Self-Extinguishing (in/min)
Material Becomes Viscous   350 °F
Material Carbonizes   425 °F
 
GENERAL      
Material Cell Classification D-1784 12454  
Hardness (Rockwell) D-785 110-120  
Poisson's Ratio @ 73°F   .410  
Hazen-Williams Factor   C=150  
Water Absorption % increase 24 hrs. @ 25°C D-570 .05 °C
Specific Gravity @ 73°F D-792 1.40 ±.02 g/cu.cm
Color   Dark Gray  
Maximum Service Temp.   140 °F
PVC SHEET PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 
Standard specifications for PVC sheet
 
ASTM-D-1784, Cell Class 12454-B
 
APPLIES TO SHEET IF USED
 
PROPERTY ASTM Test Method VALUE UNITS
MECHANICAL      
Tensile Modulus D-638 411,000 psi
Flexural Modulus D-790 481,000 psi
Yield Strength D-790 12,800 psi
Izod Impact (Notched) D-256 1.0 ft.lb./in.
 
THERMAL      
Vicat Softening Point D-1525 83/181 °C/°F
Heat Deflection Temp. @ 66 PSI D-648 82/179 °C/°F
Heat Deflection Temp. @ 264 PSI D-648 80/176 °C/°F
Linear Coefficient of Expansion D-696 5.8 x 10-5 in./in./°C
Linear Coefficient of Expansion D-696 3.2 x 10-5 in./in./°F
 
FLAMMABILITY      
Foam Fire Test UL1975 Passed/Classified  
Vertical Burn Test UL-94 5-V  
Flame Spread E-84 20  
 
PHYSICAL      
Density D-792 1.42 g/cm³
Water Absorption D-570 .15-.30 %
Rockwell Hardness D-785 115  
Shore Durometer D-2240 89 D
Cell Class D-1784 12454-B  
 
CHEMICAL      
Chemical Resistance D-1784 Class B  
 
ELECTRICAL      
Electrical Volume Resistivity D-257 5.4 x 1015 Ohm/cm
Dielectric Constant D-150 3.9 60Hz
Dissipation Factor D-150 .0096 60Hz
Loss Index D-150 .030 60Hz
Dielectric Strength D-149 544 volts/mil

HARRISON SUPERDUCT® PVC PIPE INSTALLATION

As fittings described in our catalog are built to Harrison specifications, Harrison can also provide systems to SMACNA specifications upon request. The SMACNA manual (Thermoplastics Duct (PVC) Construction Manual), is a good source of information for those involved in the specification and installation of PVC duct systems.

Another excellent information resource publication, used extensively by Harrison, is the "Industrial-Ventilation Manual of Recommended Practice". This book covers all phases of designing and sizing of an industrial ventilation system. It is an excellent educational tool.

Beyond these two resources, Harrison offers the following recommendations, relative to system installation, based on years of field experience.

HARRISON SUPERDUCT® duct systems are easily assembled since they basically consist of fittings that are bell-end to receive plain-end duct, or in the case of plain-end fittings and pipe they are assembled using sleeve couplings.

In the case of square and rectangular ductwork systems, these are always either welded together or connected by bolted flanges. Solvent cement is never used.

Reference Material
Thermoplastic Duct Construction Manual, Published by the Sheet Metal & Air Conditioning National Association, Inc., 4201 Lafayette Center Drive, Chantilly, VA 22021
Industrial Ventilation Manual, Published by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygientists, Cincinnati OH

SOLVENT CEMENT WELDING

Solvent cement welding is by far the most widely used process for joining PVC pipe & duct. Properly assembled, it is certainly the easiest way to make quality sealed joints.

To avoid the needless expense of repairing, perhaps back-welding a faulty joint, the following key points are emphasized to ensure quality joints:

1. Solvent cementing should not be attempted at temperatures below 40°F or much above 90°F. Joints should not be made in hot, direct sunlight.

2. Remove all burrs and chips from any duct that has been cut. With a clean, dry, cotton rag wipe away any surface contamination on the surfaces that are to be joined. If the surfaces are wet (i.e. condensation), DO NOT ATTTEMPT TO JOIN THEM-they will fail.

3. Using an applicator, approximately half the size of the duct diameter, apply PRIMER. The function of primer, in making quality joints, is to penetrate and soften the hard surfaces of PVC duct. This must be done on BOTH surfaces to be joined. A simple rule of thumb, in checking the adequacy of surface priming, is the ability to scrape a few thousandths of the softened PVC surface.

4. DO NOT ALLOW THE PRIMER TO DRY before applying the solvent. Once the two surfaces to be joined have been fitted together, give the joint a quarter twist (if possible) to thoroughly mix the two solvent reduced surfaces.

5. There are several sources of primer and PVC solvent cement on the market. Before starting an installation, consult with your supplier of primer and solvent cement for advice on the best product to use for your application and work environment.

GENERAL

In diameters thru 14", Harrison has found that HARRISON SUPERDUCT® systems can be readily joined via the solvent cement method. Beyond 14", the actual cementing and drying times become so protracted that sections of large duct cannot be maneuvered into position quickly enough to effect a good solvent fusion before the cement hardens and dries.

It is our experience that with systems above 14", they should be joined via the hot-air welding method, using PVC welding rod and welding guns available thru Harrison on either a rental or purchase basis.

HOT AIR WELDING

Above 14" diameters, it is Harrison's experience that duct and fitting connections should be hot-air welded using PVC welding rod and welding guns that are available from Harrison.

Harrison usually welds each joint using three passes of 5/32" PVC welding rod.

Before welding, each joint should be prepared by cleaning the duct & fitting surfaces of any dirt, oil or other contaminant. This will ensure good fusion conditions.

Once the duct and belled-end fitting or coupling are securely seated, the fit should be secured by "tacking" the joint with a hot-air welding gun. The process of "tacking" creates a PVC fusion between the two components, holding them in a position for the actual welding. Another benefit of "tacking" is that it seats the gap between the two components, so that during the actual hot-air welding, the PVC welding rod and the two surfaces being joined are adequately heated to the point of a strong weld. If the joints were not first tacked then the hot air from the welding gun would pass through the gap resulting in the surfaces to be welded receiving heat inadequate for fusion with the welding rod. This would result in "cold joints" that are brittle and subject to failure under stress.

HANGERS AND SUPPORTS

Duct Diameter Min. Clamp Material Rod Dia. Max. Center Spacing
18" and below 1 1/4" x 1/8" 1/4" 8 feet
19" thru 32" 1 1/2" x 3/16" 3/8" 8 feet
33" and above 2 x 3/16" 3/8" 5 feet

Maximum distance between vertical supports should be no more than 16 feet.

APPLICATION GUIDELINES

The primary limitation of PVC material is the recommended environmental temperature limit of 140°F (60°C).

HARRISON SUPERDUCT® PVC pipe and fittings are not intended for underground use.

SUGGESTED STANDARD DUCT & FITTING SPECIFICATIONS FOR PVC

  • PVC material compounds used in the manufacture of HARRISON SUPERDUCT® PVC pipe and the fabrication of HARRISON SUPERDUCT® fittings shall conform to Type 1 Grade 1 PVC, Cell Class 12454B, as described in ASTM D-1784.
  • Duct diameters thru 20" & 24" will be extruded and of seamless construction. Sizes thru 18" will have a 0.187" wall thickness. 20" diameter will be @ 0.219" and 24" @ 0.250" thickness.
  • Fabricated (heat formed) duct diameters 22" and 26" thru 30" will have a 0.187" wall while 32", 34" and 36" & larger diameters will have a 0.250" wall. Fabricated duct shall consist of a singular buttwelded seam, thermally fused under computer controlled temperature and pressure, without the use of PVC welding/filler rod.
  • All extruded duct shall be furnished in 10 or 20 foot lengths, plain end; fabricated duct will be furnished in standard 4 foot lengths with a coupling attached on one end.
  • Three piece 90° elbows and two piece 45° elbows are considered standard and are furnished with a centerline radius of approximately 1 to 1 1/2 times the duct diameter. Five piece 90° elbows and 3 piece 45° elbows, per SMACNA specifications, can be provided, on specific project requirements.
  • All couplings will be "sleeve" type style having an over-all length of 4 1/2"
  • All belled end sockets (5" and above) shall have a minimum socket depth of 2" or more. 2", 3", & 4" belled socket depths will be @ 1 3/4".
  • Branch fittings are designed to enter the main duct, at an angle not exceeding 45° Branch 90° tees are available where systems allow.
  • Transition fittings shall have formed corners where practical. They will be of concentric design (unless otherwise requested) with a tapered cone-type body.
  • Reducer couplings having a size reduction greater than "two-step", shall be formed with cone-type body having an overall length generally calculated @ 4" per 1" size reduction, where space allows. One-step and two-step reducers will have a smooth-flow concentric design.
  • Blastgate Dampers shall be furnished with a 3-position locking pin (open, half-open, closed).
  • Butterfly (Balancing) Dampers shall be furnished with a locking quadrant, to permanently position. Motorized dampers are available on request.
  • Rain Caps shall be of "Zero Pressure Loss" design, commonly known as Style "B". Style "A" Rain Caps are also available on request.